When it comes to the Illusion, it can be argued that religion was founded by scared individuals with curious minds and that economics allowed the trade of labor for labor before either became a means of control. However, without question, government was created for one sole purpose: the control of those beneath it at any cost.
The form of governments have changed over the course of human history. There have been fiefdoms, satraps, fascists, communists, republics, democracies, capitalists, empires, and tribes. Different shapes, different sizes, but all with one idea in mind: the control of those under their authority.
In truth, organization was necessary in the beginning of civilization and government was a good way to set laws, measures, and purpose to a sect of the human population while offering to defend it from invading outsiders. But almost from its birth, those tasked with running the society found it to also be a way to fleece that society. Corruption is bound to government as the Earth is bound to the Sun, but when you think about it, if the corruption is measured and everyone has something on every one else, a little bit of corruption keeps every one in government honest.
But government is like any entity, once breathing it wants to survive, and as such an entity, it has solidified a place in our consciousness that there is either government or chaos. We bounce back and forth about what type of government we want but never about whether or not we NEED government. We simply buy into the idea that there is only varying degrees of control or anarchy.
But what has government done lately?
When government was the prevailing illusion, having little balance from religion or economics, the deadliest regimes, deadliest wars, deadliest genocides, and deadliest weapons were created. In the 1930s the economy was greatly depressed and religion had finally been usurped from the civil arena in the industrial world. During this time Hitler used industrial might to start a World War and commit a holocaust, Stalin became so oppressive trying to industrialize that the Gulag was created and the Russians worked to such a point that the Nazis were welcomed as liberators in the beginning of the German invasion, and FDR's scientists unlocked a secret of the universe only to first use it to nuke two cities.
Technology has always been the key to our species' place at the top of the food chain. From the first tools, to the first fires, to irrigation, to copper, to concrete, to steel, to navigation, to the combustion engine, to space exploration, technology remains that which propels our species to new and greater heights. Because of this the most dominant civilizations have always had both a technological edge and a acumen edge as well. For instance, the ruling class of Ancient Egypt tended to be experts in agriculture and architecture. The Athenians were experts tradesmen and seafarers. The Romans were expert politicians and military strategists. So in each of these cases, the ruling class took it upon itself to be profound in that which made the civilization great.
Today, though we live in a technologically driven paradigm, the leaders of the industrial world are, at best, educated in law but not in that which drives the society. To them there are still only two reasons to progress and that is defense and profit. The US went to the Moon because of its fear of the Soviets beating them there. Likewise, because of the chance of high returns in gold which buys arms and soldiers, Spain invested heavily in the excursions of Christopher Columbus. But because government is only spurred on by defense or profit, once the US realized that the Soviets were not heading to the moon, so ended the US exploration of the stars and as soon as Spain completely exploited the "New World" of labor and materials, about a century later, the Great Spanish Empire limped into the Modern World.
Because of government's unprecedented role in economics, it can fund the research of scientists, turning altruistic research into sadistic weaponry long before humanity benefits from the innovation. Lasik surgery was brought to us by the laser guidance systems on missiles, the Internet was the US Government's way to insure that the government bodies could communicate in the event of a nuclear war, GPS was placed in space by the US Air Force to track allied and enemy force movement in declared and undeclared war times, and of course we weaponized the unlocking of an atomic secret long before we thought to power the first city.
In the end, the price of having a non-technologically informed government, is that our technology comes at the price of a body count. Lose the impetus for what calls for the body count and you lose the advancement of that technology.
Now consider that today we live in a world where the global super power with the biggest budget and strongest military, has leaders that refuse to "believe" basic scientific principles that allow the technology they are willing to use against their enemies. We live in an interesting time in human history where the people that create the society are not those that run it and it has met with disastrous results.
The moment we began to break down chemical bonds for energy and split atoms for power, the human world entered the realm of the Universe.
The problem is government still acts as if it were separate.
Government now has the power to destroy the earth but not the willingness to unite it. It has the technology to send satellites out of the Solar System but not the ability to reflect on the little speck of blue seen beyond the midst of Saturn's rings. It has the willingness to use technology without respecting technology.
The reason for this is simple: there is no room in a technological age for a Bronze Age institution.
So government will fight like a dying star fights to get hotter and be able to fuse heavier elements in order to preserve its life. But like the star it will ultimately fail. The only question that is left, is will we allow the supernova to destroy us, or do we takes its power away and forge a new path and only deal with a minute amount of disruption?